In many Western minds, the Rwandan genocide is the most famous example of the twentieth-century genocide in Africa's history. The Kingdom of Rwanda was founded in what is now eastern Rwanda and then moved west to modern central Rwanda, where it developed a unifying social system and a strong army and began to integrate neighboring kingdoms and principalities through conquest and alliance. This unified state was founded in the 19th century by King Kigeri (Rwabuguri) and lasted until 1890, when Rwanda annexed the province of German East Africa, but not until the end of the Second World War.
In an act that helped to sow the seeds of genocide, the Belgians promoted the domination of the Tutsi minority and were forced to grant independence from the Hutu majority. Violence between Hutus and Tatsis began to flare up in the mid-19th century, culminating in a genocide in which more than 800,000 Tutis and moderate Houtis were murdered while the international community watched. Although most of Rwanda's early attempts to govern ethnocracies were directed against small groups of armed opponents, entire civilian communities were targeted for ethnic cleansing during the genocide.
After this dark period in Rwandan history, the country has gone through a long period of healing, and many citizens no longer call themselves Hutu, Tutsi or simply Rwandan. However, it is important to note that Belgian support for the Tatsi people has created an ethnic divide between Tuti and Huto people over many decades. In the mid-19th century, in response to the persecution of the Houtis by the Belgians and Hutus in the early 20th century, some TUTI invaded Uganda, sparking the first major conflict between the two communities since World War II.
The ensuing social and political conflict revolved around the definition of Rwandan nationality as an exclusive national ideology, in which genuine Rwandans should include all ethnic groups. Ethno-Hutu nationalism remains an important ideology in Rwanda, and Hutu leaders ultimately used the notion that Tutsi were not genuine Rwandans to inspire their soldiers and militias to slaughter the country's Tatsi population in the 1990 "s, while moderate Hutus questioned the exclusivism of national ideologies. In a strange way, this is the novel that represents a new health care for Rwanda: like much of Africa, Rwanda is at the mercy of those who are trying to reorder and rewrite its future. This is the question we are trying to answer in this article, which examines the role of health care in the contextualisation of the history of the Rwandan health system and its impact on the health of its citizens.
Since we have many refugees from the region, Rwanda has become home to a large number of Rwandans from both Congo and Congo, and these refugees have generally identified strongly with the Rwandan nation-state. Rwandans living in Uganda or Congo include Kinyarwanda spokesmen who have lived in Rwanda for generations and therefore have close ties to the country's ethnic groups, such as the Tatsi and Tutsi-Tusi. Rwandans in Congo or Uganda, including those who normally identify strongly with their nation states, as well as those in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda.
Unlike other African countries, Rwanda has developed a rich culture, and this culture has brought the Rwandans together with minimal differences. Unlike in other African countries, traditional music and dance in Rwanda is not associated with a particular ethnic or regional group, but represents the unity of the nation as a whole.
In post-genocide Rwanda, it is not that the individual is irrelevant to any category, but that he is always seen as related to the collective.
There are many cultural groups that make up the entire people of the Republic of Rwanda, but three distinct ethnic groups stand out: Hutu, Tutsi, Pygmies and Twa. But if we do away with the notion of "Hutu" and "Tutsa" as static, culturally differentiated categories that denote inherent hostility, we will miss the true nature of Rwandan culture and its cultural identity. There is no single ethnic group, but a cluster of many, each based on its own identity, culture, language, religion, ethnicity or political ideology.
Although the genocide in that country was in many ways the height of colonial hatred, it is also part of an ongoing effort to reverse the legacy of our colonial past, not only in Rwanda, but throughout the world.
Colonial administrators mistakenly believed that power in Rwanda was organized primarily along ethnic lines, and so they adopted policies that subjugated the Hutu and favored the Tutsi, whom they considered natural rulers. In Rwanda, the idea that the "Tutsis" were a race in their own right, having arrived only recently and established their dominance over the "Hutu" and "Tutusi" by conquest, was seized upon by a large part of the population. Although most of Kinyaranda's speakers are collectively known as BanyarWanda, this distinction between Hutus and Tatsi has remained as it has become throughout Rwanda.