Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a country in the Central African Republic and a member of the United Nations Security Council. Rwanda - known for its genocide of its ethnic and religious minorities - is the place where the term "post-conflict" is regularly used.
The 1959 Hutu revolution, supported by the Belgians, forced 300,000 Tutsis to flee Rwanda, reducing their numbers in the country many times over. In 1963, an invasion of Burundi by the exiled Tutis of Rwanda triggered the worst outbreak of violence ever, leading to a Tatsi guerrilla invasion of Rwanda by Burundians and genocide against the ethnic and religious minorities of Rwanda, Rwanda and its allies. Hutus and government forces killed an estimated 14,500 people, mostly women and children, as well as hundreds of thousands of others. Those who were involved in this genocide or feared its retribution fled to neighbouring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire, but in 1965 TUTI rebels defeated the Huti regime in one of the largest military operations in history with the help of international aid.
As the state became more centralized, the Tutsis who remained in Rwanda were excluded from political power. As Hutus gained more influence, they began to drive Tatsis out of Rwanda and significantly reduce the Tutis population in the country.
This atrocity also spilled over from Rwanda to Burundi, which was also in the midst of a civil war between Hutus and Tatsis for control of the country's mineral resources. s capital Kigali, and tremble unrest and murder of Tutsis on the hills and in the countryside. If you know anything about Rwanda's history and its relations with the Rwandans during the period of genocide, it is obvious that the current situation is a direct result of this conflict and not just of the genocide in Rwanda itself.
To put Rwanda's recent history into context, we must go back to the late 13th century, when southern Tutsi pastoral tribes conquered the Hutu and Twa inhabitants of Rwanda to establish a feudal empire. In what is now Rwanda, where both Hutus and Tatsis (Twas) lived, the Tutis established a kingdom in the north and east of the country.
After independence, the Hutus, who make up about 84 percent of the population in both Rwanda and Burundi, conquered the new state and brutally suppressed the Tutsis. Rwanda has become a killing ground for many moderate Hutu politicians, including Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana, and its capital, Kigali, a city of more than 1.5 million people. Rwandan government, it became another battleground as many moderates and Hutumas, including many politicians, massacred.
The war, the deadliest since World War II, was partly triggered by two million Hutus fleeing Rwanda and attacking Tutsis. The genocide began in 1994, when the plane of Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana was shot down and massacred more than 1.5 million people, many of them moderate and moderate Hutu minority members. Violence between Hutus and Tatsis began to flare up in the early 1990s, culminating in the killing of 800,000 Tutis and moderate Houtis when the international community looked the other way, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
Tensions rose after the 1959 Rwandan revolution, when Hutu troops attacked and massacred Tutsis who fled to Rwanda in safety. It was inevitable that the massacres in Burundi would cause a backlog - and it did in neighboring Rwanda.
The second invasion, replaced by the new Congolese President, unleashed a new wave of violence that involved many African nations, including Rwanda, for many years to come.
The civil war began when Rwandan exiles formed a group called the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and launched an offensive against Rwanda. The next day, he was sworn in as president of a transitional government to oversee the extermination of Hutus who opposed the massacre by Hutu forces. When the killings began, the now infamous genocide fax was sent warning of the impending genocide. When the RP F learned that the genocide massacres had begun, they renewed their attack on the capital Kigali and other towns and municipalities.
Rwanda and Burundi were given to the German Reich in exchange for renouncing their claim to Uganda, and Rwanda became Belgium's trusteeship, as mandated by the League of Nations. Under Belgian rule, Rwanda came under the control of the United Nations and the European Union, as well as the Soviet Union.
It is probable that after the fall of Mwamis and Rwanda, the Hutus killed more than twenty thousand Tutsis and forced more than two hundred thousand to flee to neighboring Uganda, Zaire, and Burundi, but Burunti only became independent in 1991, when he was still in power. The war that broke out in Congo in 1996 killed thousands of Hutus again and drove most of their refugees back to Rwanda.
In Rwanda, the idea that the Tutsi were a race in their own right, having arrived only recently and established their dominance over the Hutu and their conquest by conquest, was seized upon by a large part of the population. The whole tribal issue was raised again in the 1990s, when Rwanda was invaded by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) in 1994. Ethno of the Huto - Nationalism remains an important ideology in Rwanda, and Hutu leaders ultimately used the notion that Tutis were not true Rwandans to inspire their soldiers and militias to slaughter the country's TUTI population in retaliation for moderate Houthis who challenged the exclusive national ideology.